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NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS
UPPER CRETACEOUS FOSSILS

PARIS, TEXAS & THE
NORTH SULPHUR RIVER
AREA AND FOSSILS

The North Sulphur River is just South of the city of Paris, Texas, running West to East. This river runs on in to the State of Arkansas, merging there with the Red River, then South into Louisiana, merging with the and eventually both merging into the Mississippi River and on out to the Gulf of Mexico.

From Houston, Texas you can take I.H. 45 North to Dallas, exiting East on I.H. 30 until you get just past Greenville, Texas. Then you take State Highway 24 Northeast until it merges with State Highway 19 from the South. Continue North only a short distance, and you will cross the North Sulphur River. Do not get onto private property, especially the owner North and East of the State Highways 19 & 24 Bridge. There is a way to get down to the River on the West side of the Bridge, both North and South. It is not an easy climb down however.

One may find fossils of many types, from a number of epochs on the sandbars of the North Sulphur River. This includes such things as Pleistocene fossils (various mammoth, sloth, bison, horse, et al) and Cretaceous fossils (Mosasaur {a marine reptile}, Exogyra ponderosa {large marine oyster} et al). On the sandbars in the North Sulphur River, to the West of the State Highways 19 & 24 Bridge, you may find shark's teeth, ray mouth plate grinders et al. The age of the fossils found varies, depending upon the formation in which they were located, before the fossil was eroded out of that formation.

A Board Member of the Proctor Museum of Natural Science, inventor Oscar Laird, found a Mammoth skeleton in the North Sulphur River area, dug it out and donated it to the Dallas Museum of Natural Science, some years back. Unfortunately, when he returned to see it on display, he reports that the DMNS could not find it. In fairness, museums trade fossils and other things from time to time, and it was donated to the DMNS, so they had a right to do with it what they wished. Mr. Laird was disappointed.

However, it does show what can be found in that area. Former PMNS President and fossil hunter, David Wolf and his father, George Wolf collect from this area regularly. They have found a number of excellent fossils from the North Sulphur River.

Other things which have been found near the State Highways 19 & 24 Bridge and on West toward the towns of Roxton, Ben Franklin and others are: from the Upper Cretaceous Epoch: Exogyra ponderosa shells, an upper Cretaceous oyster; vertebra and other bones from the upper Cretaceous marine reptile called Mosasaur; turtle shell; shark teeth and vertebra; straight and coiled Ammonites, which are Cephalopods (related to nautilus, octopus, squid and cuttlefish), horn coral and other fossil marine life. There are many other upper Cretaceous fossils.

There are also Pleistocene fossils such as the Mammoth, sloth, bison, and many others as well as invertebrates also.

Exogyra ponderosa
Cretaceous oyster
Weighs 3# 14 oz.