Other than speech and fire, perhaps nothing has advanced humankind over the time which this species has existed, as much as the discovery of writing, then printing and finally the READING of BOOKS.

Just what constitutes a book? That is probably a good question. Anything more than one page may qualify as a book, I suppose, in some fashion. Shorter printed material is usually not referred to as a book, but to such names as:

  • pamphlets
  • booklets
  • brochures
  • leaflets
  • bulletin
  • tract
  • report
  • flyer
  • manual

On this site you will find: Books to purchase; Books in the PMNS Library; Books which are copied for your use on this site. For reference to these three pages, click on the following:

A book is usually about an area (geographic, time frame, subject matter, etc.), a subject (such as law, medicine, geology, for examples), place(s), person(s), concept, philosophy, history, "how to do" something, animal(s), fiction, poetry, politics, religion or one of hundreds of thousands of other subject matter. It usually has at least sixteen pages and many have thousands of pages.

Books are a fairly recent development in the history of humankind. Depending upon whose concept you read, the history of some form of humanoids goes back at least a million years or more. However, homo sapiens is only into the thousands of years, although the time line for any human form keeps getting pushed back further and further as new remains are found and identified in the world.

The oldest form of writing is probably what could be considered the oldest books. Sumerians used cuneiform alphabet, pressed in clay with a triangular stylus. The clay tablets were dried and some times fired to make them more permanent. Interestingly, some of these had clay envelopes, and the envelopes were also inscribed.

This is a brief introduction to books and the history of writing. More on this is included in an Article on the history of writing, if you wish to go to the Master Index and click on Articles and then find the one on the History of Writing.

However, the purpose in this page is two-fold. First It is to acquaint you with books we have in the PROCTOR MUSEUM OF NATURAL SCIENCE LIBRARY (which is a research library, not a lending library, available to members only, for on site use). The books in the PMNS Library are all the property of Curator/Board Chairman Terrell William "Terry" Proctor, J.D. and loaned to the PMNS Library at this time. They are not the property of the PMNS.

For a list of the books of Dr. Proctor on loan to the PMNS you may click here to go to the index of those books, on the PROCTOR MUSEUM OF NATURAL SCIENCE LIBRARY page.

Additionally, the PROCTOR MUSEUM OF NATURAL SCIENCE has interesting books for sale, through its GIFT SHOP. You may click on GIFT SHOP to go to the list of those books, which you may purchase there, online from the Proctor Museum of Natural Science, through PAYPAL or you may send in payment, and in either case the book(s) and/or other material will be promptly shipped to you in the manner you request.