JUNE, 1999

The Badlands near Harrison, Nebraska.
On this Ranch we discovered and collected many Oligocene fossils
thanks to the courtesy of the Rancher and his wonderful family.

[Fossils cover a great deal of the white area shown]

See other fossils from near Harrison, Nebraska near the bottom of this page

      The above is a view of the Northwestern Nebraskan Badlands, only a few miles from South Dakota on the North and and Wyoming to the West. It is gorgeous country (at least in the summer) and there are many Oligocene fossils lying on top the ground in many areas, where they have eroded out from their ancient burial. The ranch owner was most gracious, but asked that neither their names nor exact location be revealed, which request we honor.

      In June, 1999, PMNS Curator Terry Proctor made one of his strangest field trips. Originally the trip was scheduled to Northwestern Nebraska to dig for Oligocene fossils and then on to Montana to dig for dinosaurs. Terry was scheduled to meet with Duanne Clark, George Wolf and his sons David Wolf and George Wolf, Jr.. The trip took some decidedly unexpected turns and because of these, the leg of the trip, on up to Montana, had to be abandoned. Terry arrived too late to meet with any of the group, except Duanne Clark, who had located the above Ranch to dig on.

Terry wrote an article on the trip for the HOUSTON GEM & MINERAL SOCIETY (HGMS)'s publication, the BACKBENDERS GAZETTE, of which Phyllis George is the Editor. The article was then submitted by Phyllis George to the South Central Federation of Mineral Societies for their 1999 annual contest, where the article won fourth place in Adult Advanced Articles. Duanne and Terry are each members of both the PMNS and the HGMS-Paleo Section.

      This award-winning article is entitled "DETERMINATION = BIG REWARDS". If you would like to read the article, simply click on "DETERMINATION = BIG REWARDS" here. For other articles, by Terry and others, click on ARTICLES Master Page here, then click on the article you wish to read, when you get to the Articles Master Page.

Below is a table of some of the "Badlands" fossils from the Harrison, Nebraska area. To see any graphic, just click on the graphic and when through looking, click on your "back arrow" to come back to where you were. This is beautiful country and certainly contains large numbers of fossil bones, teeth and other artifacts, as well as flowers and other modern wildlife from the beautiful "Badlands" scenery of Northwestern Nebraska.

      Nebraska has an enormous wealth of fossils, as do many of the States in the central part of the United States. For eons, the central part of the United States went through cycles of being under the ocean, hence there are many marine fossils. At other times, the central part of the United States was above sea level, i.e. terrestrial, and therefore one may find fossils of some of the largest mammals which ever lived in North America, as well as Dinosaurs which lived before the age of the Mammals. There are many other vertebrate and invertebrate fossils all through the central part of the United States. A partial listing of the States in the the central United States includes, but is not limited to, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming, Montana and other central U.S. States and on into Southern Canada. At Harrison, Nebraska, there are many large mammal fossils from the Oligocene (23.7-36.6 MYA).

      For more information on Nebraska, you may click here to go to the NEBRASKA PAGE. For other pages on this Website, on FOSSILS, click here.

Here are some of the pictures taken in June, 1999 of
the Oligocene fossil dig site near Harrison, Nebraska
and the fossils extracted from that location

An Oreodont skull
found by Dwayne Clark
with some restoration
showing--June 1999
An astralagus (toe bone)
from a Titanothere
the largest mammal to
live in North America
during the Oligocene,
except for the elephants
Partial jaw with a couple of teeth
from a Titanothere.
Called the "Thunder Horse"
which stood 8' at the
shoulder and weighed
about 2 tons when grown